Tag Archives: Amrit

Shudh Uchaaran Importance (ਸ਼ੁੱਧ ਉਚਾਰਨ ਮਹਾਨਤਾ)

Shudh Uchaaran Importance (ਸ਼ੁੱਧ ਉਚਾਰਨ ਮਹਾਨਤਾ)

Sakhi Bhai Gopala Jee (ਭਾਈ ਗੋਪਾਲਾ ਜੀ):

Upon the victory of the Second Hargobindpur(ਹਰਿਗੋਬਿੰਦਪੁਰ) battle, Guru Hargobind Sahib Jee had set up a congregation for the sangat(ਸੰਗਤ ) and the fallen Shaeeds(ਸ਼ਹੀਦਾਂ). After the war Gurusahib’s state of mind was one of gratitude and calmness. GuruSahib looked to the sangat and did Benti to all his sikhs. He asked if there is any sikh who can recite Sri JapJi Sahib Jee correctly(ਸ਼ੁੱਧ) with all the characters(ਲਗਾਂ) and full focus(ਇਕਾਗ੍ਰਤਾ). One of GuruSahib Jee’s sikhs, Bhai Gopala Jee obtained shudh santhya (ਸ਼ੁੱਧ ਸੰਥਾ) from Guru Arjun Dev Sahib Jee himself. Bhai Sahib gets up and does Benti(ਬੇਨਤੀ) to Guru Hargobind Sahib Maharaj to give him the strength and blessing to recite Sri Jap Ji Sahib. Pleased, GuruSahib gave Bhai Gopala Jee a seat(ਆਸਨ) at the highest point of the congregation. Bhai Santokh Singh Jee in Sooraj Parkash (ਸ੍ਰੀ ਗੁਰਪ੍ਰਤਾਪ ਸੂਰਜ ਗ੍ਰੰਥ) writes:

ਬੈਠਯੋ ਸਨਮੁਖ; ਲੱਗਯੋ ਉਚਾਰਨ॥ ਸਿਮਰਯੋ, ਗੁਰੂ ਨਾਨਕ ਸੁਖ ਕਾਰਨ॥

Sitting infront of GuruSahib, Bhai Gopala Jee first contemplated on Sahib Sri Guru Nanak Dev Sahib Jee’s name and then began to recite Sri JapJi Sahib Jee.

ਪੂਰਬ ਕਹਿ, ਇੱਕਓਅੰਕਾਰ॥ ਸਤਿਨਾਮੁ ਕੋ, ਬਹੁਰ ਉਚਾਰ॥

With full focus and concentration he recited Ik Oankar (ਇੱਕਓਅੰਕਾਰ) with correct pronounciation and characters(ਲਗਾਂ). Then he continued in the same manner with Satnam(ਸਤਿਨਾਮੁ).

ਇੱਕਓਅੰਕਾਰ, ਜਬ ਮੁਖੋਂ ਉਚਾਰਾ॥ ਨਮਸਕਾਰ ਕਰ, ਗੁਰ ਕਰਤਾਰਾ॥

Upon hearing the beautiful Banee, Guru Hargobind Sahib Jee bowed down to the Gurshabad Banee.

ਗੁਰੂ ਹਰਿਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਸੁਨਿ ਕਰ ਜੋਰਿ॥ ਨਮਸਕਾਰ ਕੀਨੀ, ਸਿਖ ਓਰਿ॥

Then Gurusahb proceeds to clasp his hands and pay reverence to Bhai Gopala Jee.

ਦੋਹਰਾ॥ ਅਤਿ ਪ੍ਰਸੰਨ ਸਤਿਗੁਰ ਭਏ; ਸੁਨਤ ਪਾਠ ਨਿਰਧਾਰ॥ ਨਿੱਜ ਮਨ ਮੈਂ ਐਸੇ ਕਹਾ; ਕਿਆ ਦੇਵੋਂ ਇਹ ਵਾਰ॥

Upon hearing the Banee, GuruSahib was overcome with euphoria(ਵਿਸਮਾਦ). He was so pleased with the way Bhai Gopala Jee was doing Banee that he thought to himself, what could I possibly give in return for hearing Banee so beautifully? If I make him emperor of the world, thats temporal. What should be given to award such beautiful recitation of Banee?

ਦੋਹਰਾ॥ ਦਿਲੀ ਪਿਆਰਾ ਸਮਝ ਕੈ; ਬੋਲੇ ਗੁਰ ਕਰਤਾਰ॥ ਅਚੱਲ ਰਾਜ ਦੇਵਨ ਲੱਗੇ; ਕਿਆ ਕੀਨੀ ਇਹ ਕਾਰ॥

With their heart full of love, Guru Hargobind Sahib Jee decided to give him the one kingdom that was eternal: Guru Nanak Dev Sahib Jee’s Throne (ਗੁਰਗੱਦੀ). Guru Sahib moved one of his knees to get up from their throne and give the Gursikh their seat(ਸਿੰਘਾਸਨ). At that point, JapJi Sahib had reached the final stanza (ਸਲੋਕ). After seeing GuruSahib get up, Bhai Gopala jee’s concentration was dissrupted, a thought(ਫ਼ੁਰਨਾ) crossed his mind that Guru Sahib was leaving. Bhai Gopala Jee thought if Guru Sahib did not leave, Guruji would gift him a royal horse from GuruSahib’s stable. Understanding BhaiSahib’s sudden thought, GuruSahib gets up at the completion of JapJi Sahib and hugs Bhai Gopala Jee. Guru Sahib tells him that ‘I was about to give you Guru Nanak Dev Jee’s crown had you not asked for a horse.’

ਧੰਨ ਜਨਮ ਅਬ, ਤੁਮਰਾ ਭਯੋ॥ ਜਨਮ ਮਰਨ, ਸਗਲਾ ਦੁਖ ਗਯੋ॥

GuruSahib was so pleased that he gave Bhai Sahib blessings (ਵਰ )after granting him the royal horse. Bhai Sahib’s life was blessed and he was free from the birth and death cycle. He was liberated from all his sorrow and pains in the physical and afterlife.

ਜੋ ਤੁਮ ਮਨ ਮੈ, ਇਛਾ ਧਾਰੋ॥ ਸੋ ਲੇਵੋ; ਨਹਿੰ ਦੇਰ ਬਿਚਾਰੋ॥

Guru Sahib goes on further to say that any wishes that you may ever have will come to fruitation instantly.

The importance of doing Shudh Banee cannot be understated. If GuruSahib himself was about to give his throne(ਗੁਰਗੱਦੀ) based on the correct recitation of Bani, imagine how much significance reciting Shudh Banee holds.

ਬਾਣੀ ਗੁਰੂ ਗੁਰੂ ਹੈ ਬਾਣੀ ਵਿਚਿ ਬਾਣੀ ਅੰਮ੍ਰਿਤੁ ਸਾਰੇ ॥ The Word, the Bani is Guru, and Guru is the Bani. Within the Bani, the Ambrosial Nectar is contained. ਗੁਰੁ ਬਾਣੀ ਕਹੈ ਸੇਵਕੁ ਜਨੁ ਮਾਨੈ ਪਰਤਖਿ ਗੁਰੂ ਨਿਸਤਾਰੇ ॥੫॥ If His humble servant believes, and acts according to the Words of the Guru's Bani, then the Guru, in person, emancipates him. ||5||

Bhai Gurdaas Jee:

Guru Arjun Dev Sahib Jee had given respect to Bhai Gurdaas Jee’s Banee calling it the key to opening the treasure of Guru Granth Sahib Jee. In Bhai Gurdaas Jee’s Kabits (poems), there is one that deals with the importance of Shudh Ucharan and each individual character.

ਜੈਸੇ ਲਗ ਮਾਤ੍ਰ ਹੀਨ ਪੜਤ ਅਉਰ ਕਉ ਅਉਰ ਪਿਤਾ ਪੂਤ ਪੂਤ ਪਿਤਾ ਸਮਸਰਿ ਜਾਨੀਐ ॥

If a word is not pronounced with the proper characters(ਲਗਾ ), it loses meaning and becomes incoherent. Its like calling a father the son, or a son the father both in pronounciation(replacing the sihari(ਿ) with Dolankre(ੂ) and literal meaning.

ਸੁਰਤਿ ਬਿਹੂਨ ਜੈਸੇ ਬਾਵਰੋ ਬਖਾਨੀਅਤ ਅਉਰ ਕਹੇ ਅਉਰ ਕਛੇ ਹਿਰਦੈ ਮੈ ਆਨੀਐ ॥

Just like a human without sense and intelligence is called insane, whatever they intend to say with their heart comes out as something completely different when they choose to speak.

ਜੈਸੇ ਗੁੰਗ ਸਭਾ ਮਧਿ ਕਹਿ ਨ ਸਕਤ ਬਾਤ ਬੋਲਤ ਹਸਾਇ ਹੋਇਬਚਨ ਬਿਧਾਨੀਐ ॥

Just like a mute person cannot say anything infront of an educated crowd, when they try to say something, people ridicule and laugh at them

ਗੁਰਮੁਖਿ ਮਾਰਗ ਮੈ ਮਨਮੁਖ ਥਕਤ ਹੁਇ ਲਗਨ ਸਗਨ ਮਾਨੇ ਕੈਸੇ ਮਾਨੀਐ ॥੨੬੪॥

On the path of a Gurmukh, there is no place for Manmukhs, they cannot keep up. Just like people who induldge in worldly pleasures cannot realise the true path.

In that same manner, if these characters (ਲਗਾਂ) were not important to pronounce, why would they have been written in Banee? They all serve a purpose just like Bhai Sahib states.

ਕੋਟਨਿ ਕੋਟਾਨਿ ਛਬਿ ਰੂਪ ਰੰਗ ਸੋਭਾ ਨਿਧਿ ਕੋਟਨਿ ਕੋਟਾਨਿ ਕੋਟਿ ਜਗਮਗ ਜੋਤਿ ਕੈ ।

Praising millions of millions of beautful, blissful and natural objects

ਕੋਟਨਿ ਕੋਟਾਨਿ ਰਾਜਭਾਗ ਪ੍ਰਭਤਾ ਪ੍ਰਤਾਪੁ ਕੋਟਨਿ ਕੋਟਾਨਿ ਸੁਖ ਅਨੰਦ ਉਦੋਤ ਕੈ ।

Praising millions of millions of kingdoms, Honourables and various feelings of happiness

ਕੋਟਨਿ ਕੋਟਾਨਿ ਰਾਗ ਨਾਦਿ ਬਾਦ ਗਿਆਨ ਗੁਨ ਕੋਟਨਿ ਕੋਟਾਨਿ ਜੋਗ ਭੋਗ ਓਤਪੋਤਿ ਕੈ ।

Praising millions of millions of knowledgeble musicians, vocalists,

ਕੋਟਨਿ ਕੋਟਾਨਿ ਤਿਲ ਮਹਿਮਾ ਅਗਾਧਿ ਬੋਧਿ ਨਮੋ ਨਮੋ ਦ੍ਰਿਸਟਿ ਦਰਸ ਸਬਦ ਸ੍ਰੋਤ ਕੈ ॥੨੬੫॥

That same praise is next to nothing when it comes to Banee. The praise to see Banee with your eyes (ਦ੍ਰਿਸਟਿ ਦਰਸ)and to hear Banee with your ears and see all the characters (ਸ੍ਰੋਤ ਦਰਸ) is not possible. You just have to bow down and give up all attempts to describe its praise.

In that same manner, it is impossible to see Gurbani inside unless all the characters (ਲਗਾਂ) are being pronounced. The importance of articulating all the characters(ਲਗਾਂ) is more important when the Banee is being listened to.

The importance of Shudh Ucharan with all the ਲਗਾ was heavily favoured by Sant Baba Gurbachan Singh Jee. Mahapursh loved everyone who recited Banee with all the ਲਗਾ. One time when the Jatha was at Nabha Sahib (ਨਾਭਾ ਸਾਹਿਬ), Bhai Kapoor Singh Jee, a Singh in the jatha began to argue with Sant Baba Gurbachan Singh Jee. All the Singhs that were sitting beside Mahapursh began to get angry at the tone in which Bhai Kapoor Singh Jee was speaking. As soon as Bhai Sahib leaves the room, Santji began to smile. All the Singhs were awestruck what just transpired and how Santji is reacting. Sant Baba Gurbachan Singh Jee looks at all the Singhs and says ਮਸਤਾਨਾ ਉਚਾਰਨ ਬੜਾ ਲਗਾਂ ਲਾ ਕੇ ਸ਼ੁੱਧ ਕਰਦਾ ਹੈ (This Singh’s recitation of Banee and its characters is very accurate).

When Baba Jaswant Singh Jee (BhagatJee) tells this story, he relates to the dealings that Vadde Mahapursh(ਵੱਡੇ ਮਹਾਂਪੁਰਸ਼) had with everyone. In Jatha, highest order was given to Guru Banee jee Sahib.

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Gurbani is the embodiment of the Guru
And the Guru is the embodiment of Gurbani
In the whole of Gurbani is contained the nectar
If the attendant acts upon what Gurbani enjoins
The Guru in person saves him
banee guroo guroo hai banee vich banee amrit saaray.
gur banee kahai sayvak jan maanai partakh guroo nistaaray.
(Natt 4th Guru, page 982)

The Gurbani of the true Guru
Is the embodiment of truth
Through Gurbani, mortal becomes perfect
satgur kee banee sat saroop hai gurbaanee banee-ai.
(Vaar Gauri 4th Guru, ang 304)

The Guru is the word
And the word is the true Guru
The holy word shows the way to emancipation
satgur bachan bachan hai satgur paaDhar mukat janaavaigo.
(Kanra 4th Guru, ang 1309)
O the disciple of the Guru,
Know that the Guru’s hymns are perfectly true.
God the creator himself causes
The Guru to utter them with his mouth
satgur kee banee sat sat kar jaanhu gursikhahu har kartaa aap
muhhu kadhaa-ay.
(ang 308)

Jagdi Jyot: How Guru Granth Sahib Ji embodies the spirit of the Gurus

How are we supposed to regard all the Gurus as being one and the same?
The following account should elucidate this concept.

One day, after completing his Nitnem, Baba Harnam Singh Ji (Rampur Khera) went to pray and pay his respects to Guru Ji, when a question arose in his mind,
“How is it that Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji embodies the spirit of the ten Guru’s?”
With this thought in mind Baba Ji bowed to Guru Ji, paid obeisance, got
up and pronounced Gur-Fateh. As he did so, he looked up to Sri Guru
Granth Sahib Ji and saw the intensely radiant forms of the ten Guru’s
arising out of the palanquin. The room was filled with radiant,
incandescent light. His eyes were finding it difficult to bear the intense
brightness of the light. A few seconds later, the radiant forms of the
Guru’s appeared to transform into one bright, radiant, glowing light and
one by one merged into the body of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. Then the
forms of the Guru’s would reappear one by one out of the body of the
true Guru. This transformation of the ten Guru’s from and into the body
of Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji happened three times. Now all that Baba Ji
could perceive was this glowing radiant light around Sri Guru Granth
Sahib Ji that was spreading into the rest of the room. Baba Ji thanked
the Almighty and felt that this miracle was performed by God to answer
his question. In Baba Ji’s mind there was deep contentment and faith
that…
God the embodiment of light has caused
Himself to be called Guru Nanak
From him Angad dev became the Guru
Whom he forthwith united with the Lord
Showering his benediction
Angad dev established Amar Das as the true Guru
Amar Dass has blessed Guru Ram Das Ji with the ambrosial
umbrella
Says Mathura, seeing the vision of Guru Ram Das
Nectar sweet became the speech of Arjun Dev
With these eyes, see the embodiment
Of the approved disciple Arjun dev, the fifth Guru.
jot roop har aap guroo naanak kahaa-ya-o.
taa tay angad bha-ya-o tat si-o tat milaa-ya-o.
angad kirpaa Dhaar amar satgur thir kee-a-o.
amardaas amrat chhatar gur raameh dee-a-o.
gur raamdaas darsan paras kahi mathuraa amrit ba-yan.
moorat panch parmaan purakh gur arjun pikhahu na-yan.
||1||
(Swaiyas 5th Guru, page 1408)
The divine light, which manifested within the body of Guru Nanak
Dev Ji then passed through each of the ten Guru’s. The same divine
light passed into and is now seated in Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. It is only
our vision that is distorted and clouded, unable to see this reality. This is
the reason we meditate on naam, so that the grime of sin is washed
from our eyes and the illusion of doubt is banished from within us.
May
the Almighty remove this doubt that makes us perceive the Gurus and
Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji as separate entities, when, in fact, they are one
and the same divine light. May we too, recognise this divine light as the
living embodiment of the Almighty Lord. May we get guidance from
the living Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji. The tenth master Guru Gobind
Singh Ji tells us…
All know the Lord in his different forms
The rare one recognizes him as one
The one who knows this is the blessed one.
Bhinn bhinn roop subhhoo kur jaanaa
Eyk roop kinhoo pehchaanaa
(Bachittar Natak 10th Guru Dasam Granth)
Baba Ji spent a considerable time enjoying the divine miracle that
had just occurred. He then read a hukamnama from Sri Guru Granth
Sahib Ji. After bowing and paying his respects to the true Guru, he
returned to his room to immerse himself in meditation of naam,
overflowing with bliss at witnessing the miracle.
-from the book ‘Se Kinehya‘ written by Baba Sewa Singh ji.